In coalition parties, the differences in ideologies remain within the party and fight each other without leaving the party. These groups are known as factions. In such a way leaders would not join opposition parties and the integrity of the party would be maintained on the outer fronts. In 1964, the Communist Party faced a major split into the Communist Party of India and the Communist Party of India – Marxist. These groups supported different ideologies which intensified all the more at the time of Sino-Indian war. The factions within the party came to be known as the leftists and the rightists. The leftists supported the pro-Chinese and on the other hand the rightists supported the Soviet Union.
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