Answer :

After independence, the country was divided into different states on linguistic grounds because of the struggles by the people for linguistic re-ordering. Punjab was inhabited by two linguistic groups: Hindi-speaking people and Punjabi-speaking people. From the late 1950s, Punjabi speaking group stated their demand for a separate state. Akali Dal - the political wing of the Sikhs - had led the movement demanding the separation of the state. But they lacked support from the non-Sikhs and the other group of people. Thus the weakness of the movement delayed its bifurcation till 1966. In 1966, the states Haryana and Himachal Pradesh were formed from Punjab.

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