Q. 94.2( 18 Votes )
While diluting an acid, why is it recommended that the acid should be added to water and not water to the acid?
Diluting an acid is an exothermic reaction. So when water is added to the acid, a lot of heat is released and this heat is strong enough to convert the water into steam and cause the acid to spurt out and can harm anyone.
On the other hand when acid is added to water, water has the ability to absorb the heat generated during the dilution and thus avoids any undesirable consequences.
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Two carbon compounds X and Y have the molecular formula C4H8 and C5H12 respectively. Which one of these is most likely to show addition reaction? Justify your answer. Also, give the chemical equation to explain the process of addition reaction in this case.
Complete the following chemical equations:
i. CH3COOC2H5 + NaOH →
ii. CH3COOH + NaOH →
iii. C2H5OH+CH3COOHXam idea - Science