Q. 44.7( 3 Votes )
Which states in India have reached or are very near the ‘replacement levels’ of population growth? Which ones still have very high rates of population growth? In your opinion, what could be some of the reasons for these regional differences?
In India the following states have reached or are very near to replacement levels of population growth –
• Tripura Manipur
• Jammu and Kashmir
• Punjab and
The states having very high rates of population growth are –
• Uttar Pradesh
• Madhya Pradesh
Replacement level means giving birth to two children who will replace the couple that are husband and wife. In Kerala the total fertility rate is even below replacement level that is 1.8 children for couple.
The reason for Regional differences in population growth are given below –
a) Socio cultural formation and literacy are different in each state of India. There are people who still emphasize in reproducing more children so that they might jump in the row of majority and secure more political interest in democracy.
b) Prejudices and stereotypes are also responsible for regional differences in population growth.
c) Lack of understanding national interest and giving preference to individual interest over national interest
d) Lack of sensitivity and intelligence
e) Variations in landforms
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Read the passage given below and answer following questions:
Data from the National Sample Survey studies of 1999-2000 and from the 2001 Census of India reveal a sharp fall in the rate of employment generation (creation of new jobs) across both rural and urban areas. This is true for the young as well. The rate of growth of employment in the 15-30 age group, which stood at around 2.4 per cent a year between 1987 and 1994 for both rural and urban men, fell to 0.7 for rural men and 0.3 per cent for urban men during 1994 to 2004. This suggests that the advantage offered by a young labour force is not being exploited. Strategies exist to exploit the demographic window of opportunity that India has today. But India’s recent experience suggests that market forces by themselves do not ensure that such strategies would be implemented. Unless a way forward is found, we may miss out on the potential benefits that the country’s changing age structure temporarily offers.
(a) What is demographic dividend?
(b) Do you think that India is indeed facing a window of opportunity created by demographic dividend?Sociology - Board Papers
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State the importance of demographic data.
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