Answer :

In India the following states have reached or are very near to replacement levels of population growth –

• Kerala

• Tamilnadu

• Tripura Manipur

• Nagaland

• Jammu and Kashmir

• Punjab and

• Goa

The states having very high rates of population growth are –

• Uttar Pradesh

• Bihar

• Rajasthan

• Madhya Pradesh

Replacement level means giving birth to two children who will replace the couple that are husband and wife. In Kerala the total fertility rate is even below replacement level that is 1.8 children for couple.

The reason for Regional differences in population growth are given below –

a) Socio cultural formation and literacy are different in each state of India. There are people who still emphasize in reproducing more children so that they might jump in the row of majority and secure more political interest in democracy.

b) Prejudices and stereotypes are also responsible for regional differences in population growth.

c) Lack of understanding national interest and giving preference to individual interest over national interest

d) Lack of sensitivity and intelligence

e) Variations in landforms 

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