The “Poorna Swaraj” was propagated by the Indian National Congress on 19th December 1929 at its Lahore session. The public declaration on the Poorna Swaraj was made on 26th January 1930. In India, every citizen recognises 26 January as Republic Day however only a few know about another reason why this date is very much significant. Exactly 20 years before we got our Independence, our first Republic Day was treated as 26th January 1930 when the Indian National Congress made an electrifying declaration by announcing Purna Swaraj –complete freedom from the British Rule also known as complete independence.
The declaration was a short 750-word document which did not even have a legal/constitutional structure. It is read more like a manifesto in achieving independence from British rule. It indicted cruel British rule and provided a detailed explanation of the economic, political and cultural injustice inflicted on Indians for all these years. The document spoke on behalf of every Indian and made its intention of launching the civil disobedience movement. The Poorna Swaraj resolution is considered as a critical component of the changing strategy on achieving independence from British rule in India.
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