Answer :

Plenty of rainwater gets wasted by getting drained into rivers, oceans or seas. In order to save this rainwater and using it to manage situations of drought and famine, many multipurpose projects are started in India. The purpose of the multipurpose project is the storage of water which can be used for many purposes like irrigation, generation of electricity, etc.,


In India, these multi-purpose projects are operated and managed by the Central and the State Governments.


Projects operated by Central Government:


a. Bhakra Nangal


b. Hirakud


c. Kosi


d. Rihand


e. Damodar


f. Tehri


Projects operated by State Government:


a. Chambal Project:


This project is operated by the Governments of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.


b. Nagarjuna Sagar Project:


This project is operated by the Government of Andhra Pradesh.


c. Tungabhadra Project:


This project is operated by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.


d. Sardar Sarovar Project:


This project is jointly operated by the Governments of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan.


e. Mayurakshi and Farakka Project:


This project is operated and managed by the Government of West Bengal.


f. Mahi Project:


This project is operated by the Governments of Gujarat and Rajasthan.


g. Gandak Project:


This project is operated by the Governments of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.


h. Machkund Project:


This project is operated by the Governments of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha.


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