Q. 143.5( 8 Votes )
Which of the following statements is correct about an aqueous solution of an acid and a base?
(i) Higher the pH, stronger the acid
(ii) Higher the pH, weaker the acid
(iii) Lower the pH, stronger the base
(iv) Lower the pH, weaker the base
A. (i) and (iii)
B. (ii) and (iii)
C. (i) and (iv)
D. (ii) and (iv)
When the pH of an aqueous solution is higher, acidic properties are weak. Thus it is a base. When the pH an aqueous solution is lower, basic properties are weak. Thus it is an acid.
A pH scale is used to measure the acidic and basic strength of an aqueous solution. This scale is marked from 0 to 14. A solution is neutral if its pH value is 7. An acidic solution has a pH less than 7. This means an acidic solution has more concentration of H+ ions. A basic solution has a pH more than 7. This means a basic solution has more concentration of OH– ions.
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(a) What will be the action of solution A on litmus?
(b) What will be action of solution B on litmus?
(c) Name any two substances which can give solutions like A.
(d) Name any two substances which can give solutions like B.
(e) What sort of reaction takes place when solution A reacts with solution B?Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Chemistry
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Arrange the solutions in order of their increasing pH values (starting with the one with the lowest pH).Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur - Chemistry