Answer :

Fundamental Rights are the basic rights of the people and the charter of rights contained in part III of constitution of India. Taking the example of India, it guarantees civil liberties such that all Indians can lead their lives in peace and harmony as citizens of India. These include individual rights common to most liberal democracies such as equality before law, freedom of speech and expression, religious and cultural freedom, freedom to practice religion, etc. Mainly it also has constitutional remedies for protection of the civil rights by means of writs such as Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Prohibition, Certiorari and Quo Warranto. Violation of these rights results in punishment as prescribed in the Indian Penal code or other special laws, subject to discretion of the judiciary. The fundamental rights are defined as basic human freedoms that every citizen of India has the right to enjoy for a proper and harmonious development of personality.

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