Which of the following are correct statements?
A. Mixing two oppositly charged sols in equal amount neutralises charges and stabalises colloid.
B. Presence of equal and similar charges on colloidal particles provides stability to the colloidal solution.
C. Any amount of dispersed liquid can be added to emulsion without destabilising it.
D. Brownian movement stabilises sols.
A colloid is any substance that is made of particles that are of an extremely small size- larger than atoms but generally have the size of 10-7 cm ranging to 10-3 cm. Repulsive forces between charged particles having the same charge prevent them from colliding when they come across each other. As a result of which, presence of equal and similar charges on colloidal particles provide stability to them due to repulsion. This erratic random movement of the particles is also termed as Brownian motion.
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Define the following modes of expressing the concentration of a solution. Which of these modes are independent of temperature and why?
(i) w/w (mass percentage)
(ii) V/V (volume percentage)
(iii) w/V (mass by volume percentage)
(iv) ppm. (parts per million)
(v) x (mole fraction)
(vi) M (Molarity)
(vii) m (Molality)
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