Answer :

Due to narrowing of the lumen of arteries Atherosclerosis takes place. Atherosclerosis is the condition in which build-up of cholesterol, fats takes place in the wall of the artery. This causes decreased size of the lumen hence decreased flow of blood towards the heart.

Symptoms:


1. Pain in chest


2. Fatigue


3. Shortness of breath


4. Angina


Treatment:


1. It includes prescribing statins to lower cholesterol thereby reducing the cholesterol build up on the walls of arteries.


2. Surgery is also required in some cases. Surgical procedures like angioplasty or bypass are done.



ATHEROSCLEROSIS


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