Settlements can be classified according to their shape, patterns types. The major types classified by shape are:
• Compact or nucleated settlement
The settlements which are in large numbers of houses built very close to each other. These settlements mostly develop along river valleys and in fertile plains. Communities are closely interwoven and share common occupations.
• Dispersed Settlements:
In these type of settlements, houses are spaced far apart and often interspersed with fields. A cultural characteristic such as a place of worship or a market binds the settlement together.
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