Answer :

i. Probiotics are milk products that contain active bacteria like Lactobacillus. These microbes maintain the balance of intestinal microorganisms i.e. increase the population of microbes helping the digestion and decrease the population of harmful microbes (ex. Clostridium).

ii. These products form the colonies of useful microbes in alimentary canal and control other microbes and their metabolic activities, improve resistance and lower the ill-effects of harmful substances formed during metabolic activities.


iii. Useful microbes become inactive due to antibiotics; probiotics make them active again. Nowadays, probiotics are used for treatment of diarrhoea and treatment of poultry too.


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