Q. 44.3( 3 Votes )
When was the Election Commission set up? Who was its first Chief Election Commissioner?
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India. Election Commission was set up on January 25 1950, with the aim of defining and controlling the multi-tiered election process in our country. Election Commission trained over 3 lakh officers and polling staff to conduct the elections. The Election Commission of India administers the election process from the President of India to the State Legislative Assembly. Sukumar Sen became the first Chief Election Commissioner. He was an Indian civil servant serving from 21 March 1950 to 19 December 1958. Under his leadership, the Election Commission successfully administered and oversaw independent India’s first two general elections, in 1951-52 and in 1957.
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Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
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