Answer :

The Indian National Congress was considered to be the largest and most prominent Indian public organization, as well as the central and defining influence of the long Indian Independence Movement. It was founded on 28 December 1885 by Allan Octavian Hume, a retired British officer, who wanted to create a platform where the educated Indian people could have a civic and political dialogue with the representatives of the British Raj. This platform would also allow Indians a greater share in the governance of the country while the Britishers would be able to keep an eye on any new political leaders and take appropriate steps to curb strong efforts made for the country’s freedom.


The Indian National Congress was founded at Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College in Bombay on 28 December 1885, , with 72 delegates in attendance. Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee, an eminent barrister from Calcutta was elected President while A. O. Hume was the first General Secretary of the party. This convention established four objectives for the party which have been stated below –


• The organization was to act as an indirect Indian Parliament.


• It was to lay down the future course of action with respect to public interest.


• It was to promote friendly relations between different political leaders from different parts of the country.


• It was to follow the Parliament in England and oppose India’s Government actions against the same.


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