Wheat and rice farming in India are fairly different from each other in the following way:
1. Rice is the staple food crop of the majority of the population of India and wheat is the second most important cereal crop.
2. Rice is a tropical crop and grows best in the best monsoon season. Wheat is a Rabi crop and requires Alluvial soil and black soil for its growth.
3. The temperature required for the farming of rice is above 250 degree Celsius with a high degree of humidity. Wheat is grown in a cool season accompanied with bright sunshine at the time of ripening.
4. Rice required an annual rainfall above 100 cm. It requires heavy rainfall in summer and during less rainfall, the need can be fulfilled by irrigation. Wheat requires 50 to 75 cm of annual rainfall which should be spread evenly over the growing season.
5. Rice is grown in the plains of north and North Eastern India, the coastal region and Delta region. Wheat grows in the Ganga Sutlej plain in the Northwest and the black soil area of Deccan.
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