Q. 74.5( 2 Votes )
What were the priorities of the new government?
The government of the newly-Independent Indian was faced with a series of problems, which called for immediate response. These included:
a) Addressing the vows of Partition: Partition of India had led to a mass displacement of men and families. Almost 8 million people crossed the border and left their homes in search of new lives. They had to be provided with homes, employment, education and other resources necessary for a healthy life.
b) Communal Riots: Partition had led to deep distrust between Hindus and Muslims. The communities were involved in mass persecution of individuals on the basis of religion.
c) Integration of Princely States: There were over 500 princely states, which had to be integrated into India or Pakistan. The British had given the states the liberty to join either of the two territories or stay independent.
d) Promote Development: The colonial had crippled the economy of the country. Majority of the population lived in villages and engaged in agricultural activity, which was crucially dependent on the success of monsoon season. In the urban areas, the poorest people lived in dilapidated slums and poverty, unemployment and illiteracy were rampant. The government had to push millions of Indians out of poverty.
Rate this question :
Fill in the blanks:
a) Subjects that were placed on the Union List were ____, ______and ______.
b) Subjects on the Concurrent List were ____ and ____.
c) Economic Planning by which both the state and private sector played a role in development was called a ____model.
d) The death of ______sparked off such violent protest that the government was forced to give into the demand for the linguistic state of Andhra.NCERT - History Part-II
What was the role of the Planning Commission?NCERT - History Part-II
State whether true or false:
a. At independence the majority of Indians lived in villages.
b. The constituent Assembly was made up of members of the Congress Party.
c. In the first national election, only men were allowed to vote.
d. The Second Five Years Plan focused on the development of heavy industry.NCERT - History Part-II
After Independence, why was there a reluctance to divide the country on linguistic lines?NCERT - History Part-II
Give one reason why English continued to be used in India after independence.NCERT - History Part-II
Name three problems that the newly independent nation of India faced?NCERT - History Part-II