The Second World War resulted in huge economic effect all over the world.
1. The economic condition of the colonial nations was devastated by the Second World War.
2. Financial organisations like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank were established to revive the global economy.
3. The need for mass production and mass consumption was realized. This was learnt from the expenses of the world war.
4. The Soviet Union emerged as a serious threat to the capitalist economy.
5. The United States emerged as a superpower.
6. Many parts of Europe and Asia were destroyed.
The world faced an inevitable economic loss that a new International economic order was formulated by NAM countries.
Proto-industrialization refers to the period before or the beginning of industrialization.
It refers to the industries that existed in Europe before the advent of modern machine based industries.
Large-scale production of goods took place in the countryside.
1. Many artisans and peasants worked for the merchants.
2. They lived in the countryside.
3. Cultivation was done in the small land holdings that they had.
4. All the family members of the peasants and artisans contributed to the production as all of them were involved.
5. This generated more income, and this served as an additional income to them.
These were the impact of proto-industrialization on the rural peasants and artisans.
Durgacharan Roy wrote the novel Debganer Martye Aagaman (The Gods visit Earth).
1. In this novel, Lord Brahma along with other Gods visits the city of Calcutta.
2. These Gods were very much delighted to see the amenities in a city life such as bridges, good roads, transportation and a variety of products.
3. The novel explains the opportunities in city life such as quality education, employment, factories etc.,
4. At the same time, the Gods were surprised to see many thieves, cheats and riots etc.,
5. Roy brings forth the contrasting features of the city such as luxury and poverty, hunger and diet etc.,
The features of the city in the view of Gods are very interestingly narrated in the novel.
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