What were the major challenges in building democracy in India?
The major challenges in building democracy in India:
The first general election was also the first big test of democracy in a poor and illiterate country. Till then, democracy had existed only in prosperous countries, mainly in Europe and North America, where nearly everyone was illiterate. By that time, many countries in Europe had not given voting rights to all women. In this context, India's experiment with universal adult franchise appeared very bold and risky. A British member of the Indian Civil Service claimed that ‘a future and more enlightened age will view with astonishment the absurd farce of recording the votes of millions of illiterate people’. The elections had to be postponed twice and finally held from October 1951 to February 1952. But this election is referred to as the 1952 election because most parts of the country voted in January 1952. It took six months for the campaigning, polling and counting to be completed. Elections were competitive—there were on an average experiment in this country”. The Hindustan Times claimed that “there is universal agreement that the Indian people have conducted themselves admirably in the largest experiment in democratic elections in the history of the world”. Observers outside India were equally impressed. India's general election of 1952 became a landmark in the history of democracy all over the world. It was no longer possible to argue that democratic elections could not be held in conditions of poverty or lack of education. It proved that democracy could be practised anywhere in the world.
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Match the facts given in Column ‘A’ with those in Column ‘B’ in a meaningful way :
(a) The architect of the Second Five Year Plan
(b) One of the leaders of Jana Sangh
(c) The leader of the Swatantra Party
(d) A proponent of Hindu-Muslim Unity
(i) Balraj Madhok
(ii) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
(iii) P.C. Mahalanobis
(iv) Minoo MasaniPolitical Science - Board Papers
Note: The following question is for visually impaired candidates only in lieu of
Answer the following questions :
(I) Name the Deputy Prime Minister in the first Council of Ministers under Jawaharlal Nehru.
(ii) Before signing the Instrument of Accession with the Indian The government, what assurance was given to the Maharaja of Manipur?
(iii) Which section of the people in Hyderabad rose against the Nizam and why?Political Science - Board Papers
Study the following cartoon carefully and answer the questions that follow :
(i) Identify and name the leader shown on the right in the cartoon.
(ii) What type of relationship does the cartoon indicate between the people and the ruler?
(iii) In your opinion, how successful was the approach adopted by the leader on the right to solve the issue of Princely States?Political Science - Board Papers