Q. 45.0( 1 Vote )

What were the main differences between the local governments before 73rd amendment and after that amendment?

Answer :

The main differences between the local government before 73rd amendment and after that amendment are following:

1. After the 73rd amendment the local government has now been divided into an uniform three-tier Panchayati Raj structure.


2. Before the 73rd amendment act the state administration was responsible for conducting elections in the Panchayati Raj institution but after the amendment it is the state government which appoints the state election commission for the purpose. Establishment of an independent State Election Commission in every State ensures timely and free and fair election to these bodies.


3. After the 73rd amendment the revenue distribution between state government and local government and also the urban, rural government is completed by the state election commission.


4. This amendment made it mandatory to hold the elections of Panchayats on a regular basis in due time. It also makes provisions for the reservations in favour of women, the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes implementing various positions in local government.


5. The subjects of the state list in the 11th schedule of the constitution which has 29 subjects have been transferred to the institution of Panchayati Raj.


6. The age bar has been changed now the minimum age required to become a member of the Panchayats has been reduced to 21 years.


7. The Panchayats a unit of self governance have been given powers to charge, collect and correct such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accord with the provisions made by the State government this ensures their financial autonomy and viability.


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RELATED QUESTIONS :

A student of Delhi University, Raghavendra Parpanna, wanted to study the role of decentralisation in decision making about primary education. He asked some questions to the villagers. These questions are given below. If you were among those villagers, what answer would you give to each of these questions?

A meeting of the Gram Sabha is to be called to discuss what steps should be taken to ensure that every child of the village goes to the school.


a. How would you decide the suitable day for the meeting? Think who would be able to attend / not attend the meeting because of your choice.


(i) A day specified by the BDO or the collector


(ii) Day of the village haat


(iii) Sunday


(iv) Naagpanchami / sankranti


b. What is a suitable venue for the meeting? Why?


(i) Venue suggested by the circular of the district collector.


(ii) Religious place in the village.


(iii) Dalit Mohalla.


(iv) Upper caste Tola


(v) Village school


c. In the Gram Sabha meeting firstly a circular sent by the district collector was read. It suggested what steps should be taken to organise an education rally and what should be its route. The meeting did not discuss about the children who never come to school or about girls’ education, or the condition of the school building and the timing of the school. No women teacher attended the meeting as it was held on Sunday.


What do you think about these proceedings as an instance of people’s participation?


d. Imagine your class as the Gram Sabha. Discuss the agenda of the meeting and suggest some steps to realise the goal.

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