What were the fac
Several factors led Gorbachev to initiate reforms in the erstwhile USSR –
• The bureaucratic and authoritarian Soviet system was making life difficult for the ordinary citizens of the country.
• A one-party system made the Communist Party unaccountable to the people causing a crisis in democracy and affecting basic freedom rights like freedom of speech etc.
• The USSR was made up of 15 republics but Russia dominated over the other republics who were often neglected and suppressed.
• The Soviet economy was also underdeveloped and stagnant in comparison to the Western economy.
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