Answer :

During the British rule, the output from Indian textile industry deteriorated and industrial towns decimated because of the following reasons:


1. The British flooded the Indian market with machine made textiles from their motherland. The fabric was cheap, affordable and readily available. This was the single largest reason for decline of our textile industry.


2. The expansion of Indian Railways was also a cause for decline of Indian textiles. The railways were used to move the imported fabric from port towns to inner cities, where they competed with Indian produced cloth.


3. The British increased the taxes on import of India cloth into Britain. Hence, India’s exports also fell dramatically


4. The British also actively exported Indian cotton to the mills outside India. So, the India textile industry had competed with them for raw materials as well.


5. Crippled by foreign competition in local markets and lack of exports due to high taxes, the weavers abandoned the mills and textile cities such as Murshidabad and Dhaka decimated


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