Answer :

● The doctrine of Lapse was a policy introduced by Lord Dalhousie. This was introduced mainly to extend the British Empire.


● According to the Doctrine of lapse, if a ruler of a dependent state in India died and did not have a male successor, his adopted son would not be his true successor.


● In this case, the state would pass back to the British.


● The adopted son would be the heir only of the inherited personal property of the deceased ruler.


● This was greatly opposed by the Indians and was one of the major causes of sepoy mutiny in 1857.


● On this basis, British had annexed states of Jaipur, Satara, Sambhalpur, Udaipur, Jhansi and Nagpur.


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