Gandhiji, in his famous book, Hind Swaraj (1909) observed that British rule in India was established because of the cooperation of Indians which was also responsible for its survival. However, a movement for not obeying the orders of the British i.e. “Non-Cooperation movement” could eventually lead to the collapse of the British rule and Swaraj would come.
1. Gandhiji proposed that the movement should unfold in stages.
2. It should begin with the surrender of the titles that the government had awarded and a complete boycott of civil services, army police, courts, legislative councils, schools and foreign goods.
3. The idea was a complete boycott of anything that was associated with the ‘British’ and symbolized ‘British Dominance’. He further mentioned that if the government used repression, a full civil disobedience campaign would be launched. 4. Mahatma Gandhi along with Shaukat Ali made serious attempts to persuade people across the entire subcontinent by extensively touring and gathering popular support.
NOTE- Ahimsa (non-violence) and noncooperation (not cooperating with British orders) were the ideas that Gandhiji believed would together help in driving away the British. After uniting different groups of people, the unjust rule of the British would come to an end.
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