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What types of lakes are found in India, explain with suitable examples?

Answer :

A lake is an area which is surrounded by land and filled with water. Lakes are classified depending on how they formed and on the quality of the water (freshwater or saltwater). A lake helps in regulating the flow of the river and thus prevents the flood. Lakes can be formed artificially by man or by the action of glaciers and ice sheets.

Lakes that are found in India are:


i. Salt-water lakes: It is a body of water which is surrounded by land and has some concentration of salts. It is also known as a saline lake. High salinity will also lead to a unique salt-loving flora and fauna in the lake and can even lead to the absence of life near the salt lake. The water of the lake can be used in the production of salt. Examples of salt lakes in India are- Chilika Lake in Odisha, Pulicat Lake in Andhra Pradesh and the Kolleru Lake in Andhra Pradesh.


ii. Fresh-water lakes: Freshwater lakes found in the Himalayas in India and they are of glacier origin. They have unsalted water. The Wular Lake in Jammu and Kashmir is the largest freshwater lake in India. Other freshwater lakes are the Dal, Bhimtal, Nainital, Loktak and Barapani.


iii. Man-made lakes: When dams are built on a river on hydropower generation, they create man-made lakes. These lakes provide water for drinking, farming irrigation, hydroelectric power generation and help in flood management. Such lakes are the Bhojtal lake, Guru Gobind Sagar (Bhakra Nangal Project), Barapani lake, Bhimtal Lake, Nizam Sagar, Nagarjuna Sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar, etc.


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