What role did schooling play in the national movement of the countries discussed above?
Schools are the social institution which is capable of making the social and cultural transformation of the whole generation. When a colonial country conquers another country, the whole education system falls into the hands of the superior country.
a) In the first phase of colonialism, the superior country took the necessary steps to suppress and exploit the whole population. Through schooling, they spread their religion, ideologies, and schemes.
b) But later in the second phase, the educated class came up, and they made the necessary changes in the school curriculum, with the help of nationalist leaders.
c) The educated class in the native country made the youth aware of the phase of their dependence on the colonial country also.
The role youth played in the national movement are:
1) The students became aware of the day-to-day social processes and united to form protests against colonialists.
2) They became members of nationalist movements and freedom revolts
3) The ideas of freedom, equality, democracy, etc made immense changes in their mindset.
4) The youth attended political party classes and became aware of the drawback of becoming a fake in the hands of colonial countries.
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