Brazil gained its independence in 1822 from Portuguese. But it was under the populist military government after independence and also faced global financial difficulties. There was an issue of maintaining unity within the nation. Apart from that, it faced many problems due to the large size of the country. It was difficult to provide facilities to the deepest parts as the Amazon Jungle, central plateau or the northeast desert. Slavery was a big issue for all American countries. Slaves were an intrinsic part of Brazil, but they had many costs, this kind of economy structure made it harder for the country to develop.
India had a major issue of communal violence due to a partition on the basis of religion. There was widespread bloodshed on both sides. Resettlement of the displaced people was a big issue. There was a need to focus on agriculture which was completely exploited by the Britishers. Apart from this, India too faced the issue of maintaining unity among different states and among people of different faiths.
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