Q. 75.0( 4 Votes )

What measures of Indira Gandhi are called 'left turn'? How do you think was this different from the policies of the previous decades? Based on the knowledge gained the economics chapters, describe how is it different from the current policies.

Answer :

As Indira Gandhi came into power, she adopted a series of measures that benefitted the poor and the downtrodden and marked ‘left turn’ in her policies.

• She raised a popular slogan “Garibi Hatao” to show her sympathy with the poor section of the country.

• She adopted a series of social and economic policies that transformed the system. she pursued nationalization of private banks and abolished princely pensions. Such schemes gave a leftward orientation to the government.

• She adopted a socialist policy and shed the mixed character of the economic system.

These policies were markedly different from those adopted in the Nehru era.

• Nehru did not try to appease any particular section of society. He won elections based on national goals and did not target the poor or the rich.

• Nehru accommodated all voices in his party. His policies were far-sighted and took into consideration all the sections of society.

• Nehru adopted the path of the mixed economy, so as to accommodate both the leftist and rightist faction.

• To boost agriculture, Nehru introduced a new strategy called the green revolution. He also adopted land reforms to bring social and economic change.

In today's’ scenario with the coming up of LPG (liberalization, privatization, and globalization) policies, the nature of the economic system has undergone a change. There is a move towards privatization and decline in government intervention. The policies are directed to bring more investment into the country. The state has lifted its hand from many areas. Although it remains a key player in Indian politics, there is a rightward orientation in our policies.

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