Q. 185.0( 1 Vote )
What measure has been taken to curb the problem of defection?
Defection means changing the membership from a party. A person who gets elected to the legislative assembly from a party leaves that party and acquire membership of another party.
This is a negative action because the members change the party in the lure of becoming a minister or for cash rewards. The parties influence the members with monetary power.
The measures are taken to curb defection are.
a. The Parliament made changes in the Constitution and added a schedule (the 10th schedule) referred to as Anti defection law.
b. The Constitution was amended, and changing party was made punishable as this would make the member lose their seat in the legislature. MPs and MLAs have to accept whatever the party leader decides.
c. The member of the house becomes disqualified if he gives up his membership voluntarily.
d. He is disqualified if he votes or abstains from voting against the direction of his political party.
The provisions were made so that once a member joins a party must remain loyal to it and obey party direction.
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