The process of asexual reproduction in which the vegetative parts of a plant are used for reproduction is called vegetative propagation. (Asexual reproduction is a kind of reproduction which takes place without the fusion of gametes and doesn’t require the presence of both the sexes)
• Plants raised by vegetative propagation bear flowers and fruits earlier than those produced from seeds.
(Reason: Since the elaborate processes of pollination, fertilization and the development of the fruit doesn’t have to take place the reproduction is much faster)
• The plants produced are genetically similar to the parent plant.
(Reason: Since there is no fusion of gametes or genetic material, genetic recombination does not take place (genes do not mix :0) and offspring are just like their parents.
• A large number of plants can be produced.
(Reason: As said above, this process is much faster and in less time a lot of plants are produced)
• There is no variation in the offsprings produced and the fertility of the plants is reduced.
(Reason: as said above genetic mixing doesn’t take place and the same genes are transferred again and again which leads to infertility)
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