Q. 64.8( 4 Votes )
What is the need of crossing the exotic breeds of cattle with local (Indian) breeds, when exotic cattle have higher yield as compared to the hybrid breed of cattle?
Hybrid produced by cross breeding exotic breed with local breed yields less milk as compared to the exotic breed. Even then, exotic breed cannot be incorporated in our dairy farms due to following reasons:
(i) Most of the exotic breeds have come from colder countries. Colder areas are limited in our country. Exotic breeds will not be able to tolerate the high levels of temperature and humidity in our weather.
(ii) The exotic breeds will fall prey to local pests and pathogens easily as they are not resistant to them.
(iii) The feed available locally does not match with the feed required by the exotic breeds.
Therefore, best available option is to import a few exotic cattle and cross-breed them with local cattle for obtaining hybrid cattle acclimatized to local climate and resistant to local diseases.
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