What is the Human Development Index (HDI)? Name its variables.
The Human Development Index or HDI is a statistical tool that is used to measure a country's overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions. It is published by the United Nations development programme or UNDP. It provides an alternative to the common practice a countries development by using the Gross Domestic Product or GDP. It uses the following dimensions of human development for measurement which are called its variables:
1. Life expectancy at birth for health
2. Adult literacy rate.
3. Mean years of schooling for education
4. Gross National Income per capita for the standard of living
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