Q. 27 A3.9( 8 Votes )

What is the difference between a cation and an anion? Explain with examples.

Answer :

A positively charged ion is known as cation. For example : Sodium ion:Na , Magnesium ion: Mg2 A cation is formed by the loss of one or more electrons by an atom For example : sodium atom, loses one electron to form a sodium ion Na Sodium atom (A cation)

A negatively charged ion is known as anion. Cl- (chloride ion), O-2 (oxide ion) etc. An anions is formed by the gain of one or more electrons by an atom. For example a chlorine atom gains one electron to form a chloride ion Cl-. Chlorine atom Chloride ion (An anion).


Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
NCERT Exemplar | Atoms and MoleculesNCERT Exemplar | Atoms and MoleculesNCERT Exemplar | Atoms and Molecules48 mins
Quiz on Be a Master of Mole Concept in 30 Minutes!Quiz on Be a Master of Mole Concept in 30 Minutes!Quiz on Be a Master of Mole Concept in 30 Minutes!35 mins
Champ Quiz | Are you a Master of Mole Concept ?Champ Quiz | Are you a Master of Mole Concept ?Champ Quiz | Are you a Master of Mole Concept ?35 mins
Champ Quiz | Writing Complex Chemical FormulaeChamp Quiz | Writing Complex Chemical FormulaeChamp Quiz | Writing Complex Chemical Formulae34 mins
Write Any Complex Chemical Formulae Using Sunil Sir's Trick!Write Any Complex Chemical Formulae Using Sunil Sir's Trick!Write Any Complex Chemical Formulae Using Sunil Sir's Trick!34 mins
Quiz | Mastering Mole Concept in 45 MinQuiz | Mastering Mole Concept in 45 MinQuiz | Mastering Mole Concept in 45 Min46 mins
Genius Quiz | Test Your Knowledge on Chemical FormulaeGenius Quiz | Test Your Knowledge on Chemical FormulaeGenius Quiz | Test Your Knowledge on Chemical Formulae33 mins
Be a Master of Mole Concept Within 45 MinutesBe a Master of Mole Concept Within 45 MinutesBe a Master of Mole Concept Within 45 Minutes2 mins
Quiz | Mastering in Finding The ValencyQuiz | Mastering in Finding The ValencyQuiz | Mastering in Finding The Valency27 mins
Quiz | Solve Imp. Qs. on Ions,Molecules and CompoundsQuiz | Solve Imp. Qs. on Ions,Molecules and CompoundsQuiz | Solve Imp. Qs. on Ions,Molecules and Compounds26 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
caricature
view all courses