Q. 4

What is the contribution of India in the field of Mathematics? Mention it.

Answer :

Ancient India was bestowed with several bright minds. Hence, India made several pertinent contributions to the field of mathematics.

a) The Indian mathematician, Aryabhatta discovered the use of zero in 5th century AD. Consequently, he developed the decimal system of numbers, which was later popularised by Arabic translation of his books.

b) By 6th century, Aryabhatta had also discovered the formulae for perimeter of triangle, circumference of circle, surface area of bodies, and lengths of mutually crossing diagonals.

c) He had also discovered the methods of calculating square roots and cube roots of numbers.

d) Aryabhatta also had the knowledge of the value of ‘pie’, accurate to upto 4 places of decimal.

e) Bhaskaracharya disclosed that if a negative number were divided by zero, the result was infinity. He also wrote amazing books, ‘Lilavati’ and ‘Sidhanta Shiromani’

f) Bodhayan stated an early version of Phythagoras theorem, and registered it as ‘Chitti Pamay’.

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