Q. 35.0( 3 Votes )

What is the basis of principle of immunization?

Answer :

Immunization is the process by which an individual's immune system becomes fortified against an agent (known as the antibody).

When this system is exposed to molecules that are foreign to the body, called non-self, it will orchestrate an immune response, and it will also develop the ability to quickly respond to a subsequent encounter because of immunological memory.


Immunity is the ability of the human body to tolerate the presence of material indigenous to the body (“self”), and to eliminate foreign (“non-self”) material. This discriminatory ability provides protection from infectious disease, since most microbes are identified as foreign by the immune system. Immunity to a microbe is usually indicated by the presence of antibody to that organism. Immunity is generally specific to a single organism or group of closely related organisms.


Immunization is done through various techniques, most commonly vaccination. Vaccines against microorganisms that cause diseases can prepare the body's immune system, thus helping to fight or prevent an infection.


The principle of immunization means that by providing vaccination, we can fool the immune system into developing a memory for a particular infection by putting something, which mimics the microbe we want to vaccinate against, into the body. This does not actually cause the disease but this would prevent any subsequent exposure to the infecting microbe from turning into actual disease.


Principles of Immunization are achieved by:


1. Activation of antibodies.


2. Increases the numbers of antibodies.


Our immune system helps your body fight germs by producing substances to combat them. Once it does, the immune system "remembers" the germ and can fight it again. Vaccines contain germs that have been killed or weakened. When given to a healthy person, the vaccine triggers the immune system to respond and thus build immunity.


Immunizations are an easier and less risky way to become immune.


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