Answer :

1. Smog is the type of smoke that has fog in reality.


2. Smog is basically derived from the merging of two words; smoke and fog.


3. Smog is a yellowish or blackish fog formed mainly by a mixture of pollutants in the atmosphere which consists of fine particles and ground-level ozone.


4. Smog which occurs mainly because of air pollution can also be defined as a mixture of various gases with dust and water vapor.


Industrial smog contains two primary components: sulphur dioxide and particulate matter. These combine with the water in the fog to produce acidic precipitation -- sulphur dioxide dissolves in water to form sulfuric acid -- and thick, tar-laden droplets.


The primary pollutant in photochemical smog, on the other hand, is ozone. It is produced when nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds in automobile and fossil-fuelled power-plant emissions combine with oxygen in the air in direct sunlight. Whereas industrial smog casts a grey pallor over the areas it affects, the nitrogen dioxide in photochemical smog creates a dingy, brownish haze.


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