a) Organic farming is the use of bio-fertilisers in agriculture.
b) Bio-fertilizers are the organisms which improve the fertility of soil by enriching it with nutrients.
c) Main sources of biofertilizers – bacteria, fungi, cyanobacteria.
d) Benefits of organic farming are-
i. Maintains long term soil fertility
iii. Controls pests without harming the environment
iv. Since chemical fertilizers and pesticides are not used, the water bodies remain safe and pollution free.
v. The food produced is chemical-free and highly nutritious.
vi. Makes use of resources, already available to the farmer. Hence, it is economic.
e) A developing country like India needs organic farming due to the above mentioned benefits.
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