Q. 33.8( 23 Votes )

# What is Ohm's law? Explain how it is used to define the unit of resistance.

Answer :

Ohm's law states that the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the voltage across the two points. Introducing the constant of proportionality, the resistance, one arrives at the usual mathematical equation that describes this relationship

I = V R

Where I is the current through the conductor in units of amperes, V is the voltage measured across the conductor in units of volts, and R is the resistance of the conductor in units of ohms. More specifically, Ohm's law states that the R in this relation is constant, independent of the current.

One ohm is defined as the resistance of an object when a current of one ampere flows through a an object with a potential difference of one volt.

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What kind of graph is obtained by plotting values of V and I? Why?

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