Q. 55.0( 2 Votes )
What is meant by the ‘age structure’ of the population? Why is it relevant for economic development and growth?
India has a very young population. Average age of an Indian is less than that of most other countries. Majority of Indians are between the age group of 15 - 64 years.
Age structure of the population refers to the proportion of persons in different age groups relative to the total population.
Age structure in a country changes due to the development of medical facilities or prevalence of disease that reduce the life expectancy.
The following table represents the age structure of Indian population.
The relevance of age structure of population in economic development and growth summarised below –
a) Due to the advancement in Medical Sciences, public health measures and nutrition the life expectancy has raised. This is due to economic development and growth.
b) Need of family planning is being understood. Decrease in 0 to 14 years age group reveals that National Population Policy is being properly implemented.
c) Because of socio cultural changes and economic growth in India the age structure of population is moving towards positive young India.
d) Dependency ratio is decreasing and working population is increasing which causes positive growth in economy.
e) Economic development and improvement in quality of life improves life expectancy and changes the population structure.
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Read the passage given below and answer following questions:
Data from the National Sample Survey studies of 1999-2000 and from the 2001 Census of India reveal a sharp fall in the rate of employment generation (creation of new jobs) across both rural and urban areas. This is true for the young as well. The rate of growth of employment in the 15-30 age group, which stood at around 2.4 per cent a year between 1987 and 1994 for both rural and urban men, fell to 0.7 for rural men and 0.3 per cent for urban men during 1994 to 2004. This suggests that the advantage offered by a young labour force is not being exploited. Strategies exist to exploit the demographic window of opportunity that India has today. But India’s recent experience suggests that market forces by themselves do not ensure that such strategies would be implemented. Unless a way forward is found, we may miss out on the potential benefits that the country’s changing age structure temporarily offers.
(a) What is demographic dividend?
(b) Do you think that India is indeed facing a window of opportunity created by demographic dividend?Sociology - Board Papers
The Family Planning Programme suffered a setback during the years of national emergency. Justify the statement.Sociology - Board Papers
How does India benefit from a demographic dividend?
State the importance of demographic data.
Sociology - Board Papers