Q. 7

What is meant by germplasm collection? What are its benefits?

Answer :

Germplasm collection in simple terms means the collection of genes.

In germplasm collection the entire collection of plants or seeds having all the diverse alleles for all genes in a given crop is done.


Benefits of germplasm collection:


• It is important to maintain biological diversity. Different varieties of genes are collected under the germplasm collection, thus, creating and maintaining biodiversity.


• The collection can be used in the future too. The genes are collected and stored and hence then can be used for the future need.


• It is important for food security too because the genes can be used for the production of desirable plant with good yield.


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