During British rule, old trading centres and ports could not survive when the flow of trade moved to new centres like Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. This decline and decay of the cities is called de-urbanization. For example; in the late eighteenth century, many towns manufacturing specialized goods declined due to a drop in the demand for what they produced. Also, earlier centres of regional power collapsed when local rulers were defeated by the British and new centres of administration emerged.
Cities such as Machlipatnam, Surat and Seringapatam were deurbanised during the nineteenth century.
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