Malnutrition is absence of one/ more nutrients from the food in desired amounts. Malnutrition can occur either because of presence of low calories/ proteins/ calories- proteins. Two most common nutrition deficiency diseases are
a) Kwashiorkor: It is caused due to intake of diet that contains either low/ no protein. The disease is characterized by poor muscle development, swollen body, swollen stomach, diarrhea and dry skin.
b) Marasmus: It is cause by the intake of diet containing low amounts of proteins and calories. The disease is characterized by dry skin, lean and weak body, visible ribs, and less developed muscles.
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