Answer :

Biodiversity means the diversity of life in all Its forms the diversity of species, of genetic variations within one species, and of ecosystems. Humans can’t survive on earth without rich biodiversity because our life is related to diversity in many ways. Millions of species distributed around the earth and they have different characteristics because they are different from other species. Diversity helps us survive on earth and makes species different from others. It has three types-

1. Genetic diversity- diversity within species

2. Species diversity- a variety of species within a habitat or region

3. Ecological diversity- variation in the ecosystems found in a region or the variation in ecosystems over the whole planet.

Note: Biodiversity on earth is highest in tropics or low latitudes and lowest on poles.

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