Q. 33.9( 14 Votes )

What have been th

Answer :

MNREGA and PDS are the welfare schemes implemented by the Government of India. These schemes enable the upliftment of the poor and downtrodden.


MNREGA stands for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. This Act was passed in the year 2005.

MNREGA guarantees jobs for the unskilled sector. According to the Act, any adult who is looking out for unskilled manual work should be provided work by the Government. This Act provides hundred days of waged employment in a financial year. This improves the standard of living of people in rural areas.


PDS stands for Public Distribution System. This system enables the access for food at a cheaper price. The food grains and other essential items are sold through a chain of fair price shops set up by the Government. Such system is known as the Public Distribution System. This benefits the accessibility of food grains to the people living below the poverty line.

Three types of ration cards are distributed. The poorest of the poor people are given Antyodaya cards. People whose income level is better but can considered only be poor are issued Below Poverty Line (BPL) cards. The third category of people who do not fall in the above two categories and have good income are given the Above Poverty Line (APL) cards. The quantity and price of the grains available in the ration shops depends on the category of the cards the citizens hold.

The MNREGA and PDS addresses the aspects of right to work and right to food.

Ration shops are necessary to ensure the supply of food grains and other essentials to the much needy at an affordable price so that the problem of hunger will be eradicated in the country.

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