A)When 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene react with the warm water to give 2,4,6-trinitrophenol as a product.
The more the number of electron-withdrawing groups present at the ortho- and para- positions, the faster is the nucleophilic substitution reaction.
Thus, the reaction of 2,4,6-trinitrochlorobenzene with warm water gives 2,4,6-trinitrophenol.
The reaction involved is as follows:
According to Zaitsev rule, during elimination,the most substituted product will be the most stable, and therefore the most favored.
C) This following reaction is known as wurtz reaction
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