The term ‘population distribution’ refers to the way in which people are spread across a given area.
The geographical factors influencing the distribution of population in the
• Terrain- Terrain of land is an important factor which influences the concentration and growth of population. In plain areas density of population is higher in comparison of mountain regions.
• Climate- Climate is also an important factor in the distribution of the population. Rainfall and Temperature play the most important role in determining the population of an area. In extreme climate, the concentration of population is less. A moderate climate, on the other hand, is favorable for the population.
• Soil- Soil is another important factor to determine the density of the population. Fertile soil supports higher population density while infertile soil leads to low density. Like- river areas of Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
• Water Bodies- Availability of water plays a significant role in determining the population of a given area. Water is the basic necessity for several purposes including irrigation, industries, transport, and domestic affairs. Most of the population is concentrated in the river valleys.
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