Q. 74.5( 4 Votes )
What do you understand by underemployment? Explain with one example each from the urban and rural areas.
When people are employed but are allotted lesser work than their potential is not utilised properly. Example: in urban areas laborers are in mass searching for a job every day. Many of them do not find work every day. While many like street vendor spend the whole day working but earn very little. This is called as underemployment.
In rural areas the agriculture sector is overburdened. There are a lot of people ready to work on farms. So even if some people move out of the farm, the production will not be affected.
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A study in Ahmedabad found that out of 15,00,000 workers in the city, 11,00,000 worked are in the unorganized sector. The total income of the city in this year (1997- 1998) was Rs 6000 crores. Out of this, Rs 3200 crores was generated in the organized sector. Present this data as a table. What are the ways of generating more employment in the city? (AS3)AP Board - Social Studies
The workers in the unorganized sector need protection on the following issues: wages, safety, and health. Explain with examples.AP Board - Social Studies
How is the service sector different from other sectors? Illustrate with a few examples.AP Board - Social Studies
For each of the sectors that we came across in this chapter, why should one focus on employment and GDP? Could there be other issues which should be examined?
Discuss.AP Board - Social Studies
What do you understand by underemployment? Explain with one example each from the urban and rural areas.AP Board - Social Studies
Do you think the classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and services sectors is useful? Explain how.AP Board - Social Studies
Fill in the blanks using the correct option given in the bracket:
(i) Employment in the service sector______increased to the same extent as production. (has / has not)
(ii) Workers in the______sector do not produce goods. (service / agricultural)
(iii) Most of the workers in the______sector enjoy job security. (organised / unorganised)
(iv) A ______proportion of labourers in India are working in the unorganised sector. (large / small)
(v) Cotton is a ______ product and cloth is a _________ product. [natural / manufactured]AP Board - Social Studies
Choose the most appropriate answer:
(a) Production of a commodity, mostly through the natural process, is an activity in _______ sector.
(iv) information technology
(b) GDP is the total value of _____________ produced during a particular year.
(i) all goods and services
(ii) all final goods and services
(iii) all intermediate goods and services
(iv) all intermediate and final goods and services
(c) In terms of GDP the share of service sector in 2009-10 was
(i) between 20 to 30 per cent
(ii) between 30 to 40 per cent
(iii) between 50 to 60 per cent
(iv) 70 per centAP Board - Social Studies