Right to National Self-Determination implies that people should be free to choose their own state and its territorial boundaries. Every nation should have a right to decide their own destiny and govern themselves for their future development and shaping their own nation towards prosperity. Every state must have a say in their own affairs. In other words, they seek right to self-determination, as a nation seeks recognition and acceptance by international community.
The idea of national self-determination has led to the formation of nation states. This right keeps the democracy of a nation active and in action. This idea keeps the national unity among different states and races intact and emphasis more on it otherwise had they not been given this right of self-determination they would have not come together. Right to self-determination guaranteed minorities right. It gives them the right to determine their culture and civilization along with the majority communities without the fear of getting absorbed or consumed in the majority. This also leads to national security as both minority and majority have a right to determine their own affairs which make them feel satisfied.
This idea has also challenged the nation state’s formation by challenging the principle of territorial integrity and the nations’ sovereignty of states as its always the will and efforts of people that makes a state legitimate. It this right be applied in multi-national states then it will do more harm than good. Each nation will try to find its own way this will make a great setback for the working of the administration. Since each nationality ij the state will try to develop and promote it culture and the way of life, it shall became difficult to determine public opinion which is most essential for democracy.
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