Q. 124.2( 6 Votes )

What do you mean

Answer :

Commercial farming is a form of market-oriented and profit motivated farming. In this farming, consumption of the cultivated products by the farmers, if at all done, is an insignificant proportion of the total production. It occupies of large area of cultivation and requires significant capital input along with heavy use of machinery. It includes commercial grain farming, mixed farming and plantation agriculture.

• Commercial grain farming refers to production of food grains for commercial purposes. Only a single crop is grown in large farms spread over hundreds of hectares and restricted by severe winters. Wheat and maize are the major forms of commercial grain crops, and it is mainly practised in the temperate grasslands of North America, Europe and Asia.

• Mixed farming refers to the system where the land is used to grow food and fodder crops alongside rearing of animals. It is practised in Europe, eastern USA, Argentina, southeast Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

• Plantation agriculture refers to Cultivation of a single crop on a large scale with an organization similar to industrial production. It is characterized by the requirement of a large amount of labour and capital. It also needs a proper transport network for successful operation as large quantities of the raw products are often transported to a factory for processing. In India, tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, banana, etc., are important plantation crops.

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