After the independence of the country, Congress party dominated in the political scene throughout the country. This was clearly depicted from the first Lok Sabha elections. The party had inherited the legacy that it had received during the national movement. During the period, it was the only party to have an organisational network throughout the country. Also, the most popular and appealing leader of Indian politics was from the party. The party had maintained complete dominance in both the centre and states, except Kerala from 1952 to 1962.
India was not the only country to experience the dominance by a single party immediately after independence. Many other countries were also facing the situation of one-party dominance. But what distinguished the dominance of Congress as a single party from other counties are the upholding of democracy in the country despite this dominance. But in most of the countries, dominance by one party resulted in compromising democracy.
The constitution of countries like China, Cuba and Syria permits only a single party to rule the country. Myanmar, Belarus, Egypt and Eritrea are one-party states due to its legal and military measures. But in India, the dominance of the Congress party happened under democratic conditions. The elections were held in a free and fair manner. Even though many parties contested the elections, Congress won consequently because of its popularity.
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