Q. 145.0( 1 Vote )
What distinguished the dominance of Congress party in India from other examples of one party dominance in other countries? Explain.
After the independence of the country, Congress party dominated in the political scene throughout the country. This was clearly depicted from the first Lok Sabha elections. The party had inherited the legacy that it had received during the national movement. During the period, it was the only party to have an organisational network throughout the country. Also, the most popular and appealing leader of Indian politics was from the party. The party had maintained complete dominance in both the centre and states, except Kerala from 1952 to 1962.
India was not the only country to experience the dominance by a single party immediately after independence. Many other countries were also facing the situation of one-party dominance. But what distinguished the dominance of Congress as a single party from other counties are the upholding of democracy in the country despite this dominance. But in most of the countries, dominance by one party resulted in compromising democracy.
The constitution of countries like China, Cuba and Syria permits only a single party to rule the country. Myanmar, Belarus, Egypt and Eritrea are one-party states due to its legal and military measures. But in India, the dominance of the Congress party happened under democratic conditions. The elections were held in a free and fair manner. Even though many parties contested the elections, Congress won consequently because of its popularity.
Rate this question :
Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Congress evolved from its origins in 1885 as a pressure group for the newly educated, professionals and commercial classes to a mass movement in the twentieth century. This laid the basis for its eventual transformation into a mass political party and its subsequent domination of the political system. Thus the Congress began as a party dominated by the English speaking, upper caste, upper middle class, and urban elite. But with every Civil Disobedience Movement, it launched, its social base widened.
(a) What is meant by a pressure group?
(b) Explain the reason for the Congress to be transformed into a rainbow-like social coalition by the time of Independence.
(c) What made the Congress into a mass political party in the twentieth century?Political Science - Board Papers
What has been the ideology of left parties in India?Political Science - Board Papers
What distinguished the dominance of Congress party in India from other examples of one party dominance in other countries? Explain.Political Science - Board Papers
Explain any four reasons for the dominance of the Congress Party in the first three general elections in India?Political Science - Board Papers
Assess the role of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad towards maintain communal harmony in India?Political Science - Board Papers