Q. 18

What developments took place after the recommendations of the Mandal Commission?

Answer :

● The Government of India had appointed the Second Backward Classes Commission in 1979 under the leadership of B.P. Mandal. It was also called the Mandal Commission.


● It had to identify the socially and educationally backward classes in India and recommend necessary actions for their progress.


● The Commission gave its Report in 1980.


● It recommended reservation of 27% government jobs for the socially and economically backward classes.


The developments that took place after the recommendations of the Mandal Commission are:


● For many years, the parties discussed the implementation of these recommendations.


● In the Lok Sabha election of 1989, Janata Dal promised to implement this decision if elected.


● It won the elections. and V.P. Singh became the Prime Minister.


● Soon after, the President of the country announced that its intention to implement this recommendation.


● On 6 August 1990, the Union Cabinet took a formal decision for the same.


● Next day, the Prime Minister announced this decision in a formal meeting of both the Houses of parliament.


● The senior officers of the Department drafted an order with the Cabinet decision and took the minister’s approval.


● An officer signed the order on behalf of the Union Government and O.M. No. 36012/ 31/90 was born on August 13, 1990


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